Knee Pain

Knee Pain


Knee pain is common among people of all ages. If you are experiencing knee pain, it is important to understand the underlying causes and explore the appropriate treatment options. Timely intervention can help manage symptoms effectively, prevent further damage and maintain knee health and mobility. Seek professional advice to diagnose the specific cause of your knee pain and to receive a tailored treatment plan.

Symptoms of Knee Pain

Symptoms of knee pain can vary significantly depending on the underlying cause, highlighting the importance of identifying the specific issue to tailor an effective treatment strategy. While pain is the primary symptom, its nature and impact can differ greatly.

The most common symptoms associated with knee pain include:

  • Sharp or stabbing pain: Often triggered by specific movements or activities.
  • Dull ache: A constant, low-level pain that may intensify with activity.
  • Throbbing sensation: Typically indicates inflammation or swelling.
  • Aching pain: Can be persistent and often feels worse after prolonged periods of sitting or lying down.
  • Swelling: Fluid build-up around the knee, making it look puffy or swollen.
  • Stiffness: Difficulty in moving the knee, especially after waking up or sitting for long.
  • Reduced range of motion: Inability to fully straighten or bend the knee.
  • Instability or weakness: Feeling as though the knee may give way under pressure.

Types of Knee Pain

Knee pain can be classified based on the specific region of the knee that is affected, which often gives clues about the underlying cause.

Anterior knee pain affects the front of the knee, around the kneecap, and is commonly associated with patellar issues such as patellofemoral pain syndrome.

Medial knee pain occurs on the inside of the knee and is frequently linked to injuries of the medial collateral ligament or degenerative conditions like arthritis.

Lateral knee pain on the outer side of the knee can be due to injuries to the lateral collateral ligament or iliotibial band syndrome.

Posterior knee pain, or pain behind the knee, might suggest problems such as a Baker’s cyst or hamstring injuries.

Identifying the specific location of pain helps in determining which structures within the knee might be compromised and directs the diagnostic process to pinpoint the exact cause of discomfort.

Causes of Knee Pain

Knee pain arises from various causes, including acute injuries and chronic conditions. Accurate diagnosis can only be made by a healthcare professional through detailed evaluation. While some knee issues are mild and manageable, others signal serious conditions needing medical attention.
Self-diagnosing can be harmful and worsen the issue. If your knee pain is persistent or severe, it’s crucial to consult a medical professional for the right diagnosis and treatment.

Some common causes of knee pain that typically require medical attention include:

  • Tendonitis: Inflammation of the tendons around the knee, often due to overuse.
  • Bursitis: Inflammation of the small sacs of fluid (bursae) that cushion the knee joints.
  • Osteoarthritis: Degradation of the protective cartilage inside the knee, leading to pain and stiffness.
  • Torn Meniscus: Damage to the cartilage that acts as a shock absorber between your thigh and shin bones.
  • Arthritis: Including rheumatoid arthritis, a chronic inflammatory disorder affecting many joints, including the knees.
  • ACL Injuries: Tears or sprains of the anterior cruciate ligament, one of the key ligaments that help stabilize the knee joint.
  • Fractures: Breaks in the knee bones, often caused by significant impacts or accidents.

Prompt and professional evaluation of these conditions can significantly improve outcomes, making early consultation with a healthcare provider imperative.

Diagnosing Knee Pain

To diagnose knee pain, your consultant will review your symptoms and medical history, followed by a physical examination to assess mobility, stability and any signs of swelling or tenderness. Imaging tests like X-rays, MRIs or CT scans may also be used to view the knee’s internal structure and pinpoint issues such as fractures or soft tissue injuries. This thorough evaluation ensures an accurate diagnosis and the formulation of a targeted treatment plan.
You can attend your appointment with existing scans. If you require further imaging, you will be referred to an imaging facility and will be reviewed with the results in a timely manner.

How to Relieve Knee Pain

If you’re experiencing mild knee pain, several steps can be taken at home to provide temporary relief and reduce discomfort. These measures are particularly effective for managing minor injuries or strain-related pain and can help support your recovery while you seek a professional assessment.


Avoid activities that exacerbate the pain to prevent further injury and aid healing.

Heat Therapy

Applying a warm compress or heating pad can soothe stiff joints and relax muscles, easing pain.

Ice Therapy

Applying ice packs to the knee for 15-20 minutes several times a day can reduce swelling and numb sharp pain.


Keep the knee elevated on a pillow when sitting or lying down to decrease swelling.


Wear a compression bandage to support the knee and help manage swelling, but ensure it’s not too tight.

Gentle Exercise

Engage in low-impact activities like swimming or cycling to strengthen the muscles around the knee without adding stress.

Over-the-counter Pain Relievers

Medications such as ibuprofen or paracetamol can help reduce pain and inflammation.

Proper Footwear

Wear shoes that provide good support and cushioning to relieve pressure on the knee.

These strategies may relieve your symptoms temporarily, but it’s important to consult a healthcare professional if the pain persists or worsens.

Knee Pain Treatment

The treatment of knee pain varies greatly depending on its cause, and the best approach will be determined in consultation with your GP or specialist.

Non-surgical treatment can include:

  • Physiotherapy
  • Steroid injections
  • Orthotic supports
  • Activity modification
  • Weight management

While many knee conditions respond well to non-surgical treatments, some severe cases may require surgery to correct the issue and restore function.

Causes of knee pain that may necessitate surgical intervention or specific medical treatments include:

  • Torn ligaments
  • Severe osteoarthritis
  • Meniscus tears
  • Baker’s cyst
  • Fractures
  • Patellar maltracking

When To Get Help for Knee Pain

If your knee pain persists or worsens despite home care, it’s essential to seek professional help. Persistent pain may indicate a serious condition requiring expert treatment. We offer tailored private treatments to effectively address your knee issues and improve your mobility. Don’t hesitate to contact us for the specialised care you need.

Why Go Private for Knee Pain Treatment?

Opting for private treatment for knee pain provides numerous benefits. You’ll experience shorter waiting times for quicker access to care, receive personalised treatment plans tailored specifically to your needs, and have immediate access to consultants and specialists. This ensures a faster, more effective approach to your knee pain management and recovery.

Last Reviewed By A Medical Professional On 01/29/24